(News) China plans to establish at least 50 AI standards by 2026, from language models to semiconductors

China aims to establish at least 50 AI standards by 2026, as outlined in a new draft policy from Beijing, according to a report by the South China Morning Post. The draft policy, released by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) on Tuesday, will cover not only large language model (LLM) training, but even semiconductors.

The initiative is part of China’s bid to catch up with the US in AI development, the report noted. Earlier in April, Alibaba Chairman Joe Tsai indicated in an interview that China is at least two years behind its leading US counterparts, such as OpenAI and Google, in the global AI race.

China’s proposed standards will cover training for large language models (LLMs), which form the basis of generative AI services such as ChatGPT. They will also cover security, governance, industrial applications, software, computer systems, data centers, and the technical requirements and testing methodologies for semiconductors.

According to MIIT, these standards are expected to apply to at least 1,000 Chinese technology companies. The document also states that China will participate in the creation of at least 20 international AI standards, the report said.

MIIT’s draft policy identifies 12 critical technologies in the AI ​​supply chain, including LLMs, natural language processing, computer vision and machine learning, in which systems perform complex tasks similar to human problem solving. The draft policy also identifies four layers that make up China’s AI industry chain: the foundation (including the computing power, algorithms and data needed to train LLMs), the framework, the model and applications.

The report, citing an industry expert, noted that unlike the usual command-and-control regulations, the latest draft policy has adopted a pro-market, soft-law approach to guide and promote China’s AI industry. This stance, which is relatively innovation-oriented and market-friendly, will not only enable the establishment and development of an AI ecosystem, but also benefit other industries.

Chinese tech giants, led by Huawei, have been aggressively pushing forward in the AI ​​arena. Previously, Huawei claimed that its second-generation AI chip “Ascend 910B” could compete with NVIDIA’s A100 and was working to replace NVIDIA, which holds over 90% of the market share in China. However, according to ChosunBiz, the chip, which is produced by China’s leading semiconductor foundry SMIC, has been in mass production for more than half a year, but its yield remains around 20%.

In response to the US export ban, NVIDIA earlier this year began selling H20, its AI chip specifically designed for the Chinese market.

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Please note that this article cites information from South China Morning Post And ChosunBiz.